glossary

Biofouling or biological fouling is the undesirable accumulation of microorganisms, plants, algae, and/or animals on wetted structures. Biofouling is especially economically significant on ships' hulls where high levels of fouling can reduce the performance of the vessel and increase its fuel requirements.Biofouling is also found in almost all circumstances where water based liquids are in contact with other materials. Industrially important examples include membrane systems, such as membrane bioreactors and reverse osmosis spiral wound membranes cooling water cycles of large industrial equipments and power stations. Biofouling can also occur in oil pipelines carrying oils with entrained water especially those carrying used oils, cutting oils, soluble oil or hydraulic oils.

glossary